E-Jurnal Borneo Akademika









ISSN PRINT: 2462-1641
ISSN ONLINE: 2735-2250
Issue : Oct 2020 - FRD
Issue : Sep 2020 - SIVIIC
Issue : Jul 2020
Issue : Mar 2020
Issue : Dec 2019/Jan 2020
Issue : Jul 2019
Issue : Jan 2017
Issue : Jul 2016
Issue : Jan 2016
Jurnal Borneo Akademika (BA) is published by Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Sabah. It is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal published two times a year. This multidisciplinary journal is intended to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas on theory, research and research-supported practices. BA welcomes submission of research-oriented manuscripts that make significant contributions to advancing knowledge and understanding of various disciplines of interest from education, applied linguistics, social sciences, literature, tourism, accounting, communication, anthropology, policy studies to sciences. BA accepts manuscripts written in Bahasa Melayu and English.
1. POTENTIAL OF CITRONELLA OIL AS NATURAL MOSQUITO REPELLENT AGENT IN FORMULATED FABRIC SOFTENER FINISHES Aznin Baharudin, Nor Akmalazura Jani, Azyati Azreen, A. A. Assyura, Hawa Pornomo, M. Hafiz Mehat
ABSTRACT
This study is focused on formulating a natural-based fabric softener using baking soda and vinegar with the addition of insect repellent finish of citronella oil and vanillin. The effectiveness of the fabric softener was evaluated by conducting a fabric stiffness test on both untreated and treated fabric samples with the softener formulated in this study. The assessment for the efficacy of insect repellence was carried out using 3 human participants of the same gender and build but different blood type, positioned at a mosquito infested area. Three tests; negative, positive, and normal tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the formulated mosquito repellent finishes in the fabric softener. The results show that the formulated fabric softener is good mosquito repellent and it is good at giving a soft effect on the treated fabric.
Keyword(s) : Fabric softener, Insect repellent, Citronella oil, Vinegar, Baking soda
ABSTRAK
Kajian ini memberi tumpuan kepada penghasilan pelembut kain berasaskan bahan semula jadi menggunakan serbuk penaik dan cuka dengan penambahan penghalau serangga, minyak citronella dan vanillin. Keberkesanan pelembut kain telah dinilai dengan melakukan uji kekakuan kain pada kedua-dua sampel kain yang tidak dirawat dan dirawat dengan pelembut yang dirumuskan dalam kajian ini. Penilaian ke atas keberkesanan penghalau serangga telah dijalankan di kawasan di mana terdapat habitat nyamuk, menggunnakan 3 lelaki, setara ketinggian dan berat namun berbeza jenis darah. Tiga ujian telah dijalankan iaitu ujian negatif, positif, dan normal untuk menilai keberkesanan pelembut kain yang dirumuskan. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahawa pelembut kain yang dirumuskan adalah baik untuk menangkis, dan juga memberikan kesan lembut terhadap kain yang dirawat.
Kata Kunci : Pelembut kain, Penghalau serangga, Minyak citronella, cuka, serbuk penaik
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2. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SINGLE JERSEY BAMBOO COTTON FABRIC PRODUCED ON HOME KNITTING MACHINE AINIL HUDA ABU TALIB, SITI NURANIS SYAZANA MISRON, NURUL ‘IZZAH MOHD FU’AD, NURUL ARIESHA ZAMRI, ERYNA NASIR
ABSTRACT
The Silver Reed Model LK150 knitting machine is a home knitting machine which is extremely lightweight and compact, making it preferable by most home knitters. There are various knitwears with interesting patterns can be made using this model. In the field of garments manufacturing by using flatbed knitting machines, it is important to understand the physical properties of fabric so that their impact on dimensional changes can be predicted to produce the most suitable end use. The samples were produced by using a blended bamboo/cotton yarn, with a composition of 30% cotton and 70% bamboo. The main objectives of this study are to to evaluate the physical properties of single jersey fabric knitted on home knitting machine by using different stitch dials and to relate the physical properties with different stitch lengths. Then, all tests were conducted to compare the physical properties of samples between three different stitch dials and the effects of before and after washing. The physical properties measured in this research were stitch length, stitch density, weight, thickness, absorbency and shrinkage. The result indicated that the longer the stitch length, the higher the percentage of the water impact penetration. Meanwhile, there was a slight reduction on the density, thickness and fabric weight. In addition, the result after three times washing showed that the samples only had slight changes in density, thickness, weight and stitch length, but has significant changes on the water impact penetration.
Keyword(s) : knitting machine; bamboo; cotton; stitch length; physical properties
ABSTRAK
Mesin Silver Reed Model LK150 adalah mesin kait rumah yang sangat ringan dan padat, menjadikannya lebih baik oleh kebanyakan pengait di rumah. Terdapat pelbagai pakaian yang dikait dengan corak yang menarik boleh dibuat menggunakan model ini. Di bidang pembuatan pakaian yang dihasilkan dari mesin kait rata, penting untuk memahami sifat fizikal kain supaya kesan terhadap perubahan dimensi dapat diramalkan untuk menghasilkan penggunaan akhir yang paling sesuai. Sampel dihasilkan menggunakan benang buluh/kapas campuran, dengan komposisi kapas 30% dan buluh 70%. Objektif utama kajian ini adalah untuk menilai sifat fizikal kain single jersey yang dibuat oleh mesin kaitan rumah, dengan menggunakan dail stitch yang berbeza dan mengaitkan sifat-sifat fizikal dengan panjang stitch yang berbeza. Kemudian, semua ujian telah dilakukan untuk membandingkan ciri-ciri fizikal sampel antara tiga dail stitch yang berbeza dan kesan sebelum dan selepas dicuci. Ciri-ciri fizikal yang diukur dalam kajian ini ialah panjang stitch, kepadatan stitch, berat, ketebalan, penyerapan dan pengecutan. Keputusan yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahawa semakin panjang benang stitch, semakin tinggi peratusan penembusan kesan air. Sementara itu, terdapat sedikit pengurangan kepadatan, ketebalan dan berat kain. Keputusan selepas tiga kali cucian menunjukkan bahawa sampel hanya mempunyai sedikit perubahan kepadatan, ketebalan, berat dan panjang stitch, tetapi mempunyai perubahan ketara terhadap penembusan kesan air.
Kata Kunci : mesin mengait; buluh; kapas; panjang stitch; sifat fizikal
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ABSTRACT
It is vital for educators to understand and match the learning needs of every student for learning to take place effectively. A detailed reference of the students’ entry characteristics, family background, and previous academic performance is useful in determining the materials and activities to be used with the students. The respondents of this study involved 103 students who enrolled in the pre-higher education programme. The characteristics to identify at-risk students are used as guidelines to redefine the definition of pre-higher education students. Therefore, the study aims to examine the characteristics of pre-higher education students based on their academic performance and socio-economic status. A quantitative method is used to gather more information about the basic entry characteristics, previous academic achievement, family background and Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) results of the students. The findings of the study help the researcher to define the terminology of the prehigher education programme. Having to confirm to the conceptual definition of the pre-higher education students helps the policy makers and institutions to develop a suitable learning programme to cater to their learning needs.
Keyword(s) : pre-higher education students; socio-economic status; academic performance; learning needs
ABSTRAK

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